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Home > News > Industry Information > Advancing Construction Safety Through oil Nail Design and Quality Detection

Advancing Construction Safety Through oil Nail Design and Quality Detection


In recent years, engineering investigations have highlighted alarming safety issues in construction projects across our country, revealing a widespread lack of assurance in construction conditions, safety, and quality. A pivotal factor contributing to this dilemma is the inadequate control of the anchoring construction process.

I. Importance of Soil Nail Design in Construction Safety

(a) Safety Factor and its Influence

The safety factor of soil nail design holds paramount significance in ensuring the safety of rock and earth anchoring construction. It directly influences construction safety, and its rules must align strictly with the working conditions and the extent of harm posed by defective soil nails to public safety. Addressing defective soil nails is essential for the long-term safety of construction projects.

(b) Test and Acceptance Criteria

The test and acceptance criteria for soil nail design act as a vital guarantee for the safety of rock and earth anchoring construction. Factors such as the maximum test load anchor, creep rate, and elastic displacement play a crucial role in determining the qualification of soil nails. These criteria serve as benchmarks to assess the reliability and safety of the construction process.

soil nails

II. Challenges in Soil-Nailing Construction Quality Detection

Soil-nailing construction is inherently concealed, posing challenges to quality detection methods. Current testing means, such as torque wrench and hydraulic jack pull tests, have limitations in accurately reflecting the overall soil-nailing construction quality. A need arises for a simple, economic, and reliable detection method to enhance construction quality control, with a specific focus on full-length soil nails.

III. Limitations of Existing Test Methods

While some countries mandate torque wrench and hydraulic jack pull tests for a certain number of soil-nailing stress and ultimate bearing capacity evaluations, these methods present shortcomings. Torque wrench accuracy is limited, especially for full-length soil nails, while hydraulic jack tests are time-consuming, labor-intensive, and destructive. The latter is particularly ineffective for longer-length soil nails, rendering them impractical for general engineering practice.

IV. Advancing Nondestructive Testing Technology

To overcome the limitations of existing testing methods, a promising approach is the application of nondestructive testing technology for soil-nailing quality detection. This method involves introducing ultrasonic waves from the exposed end of the soil nail and using a sensor to receive the waves reflected from the other end. The amplitude of the reflected wave serves as an indicator of soil-nailing anchorage quality, with a smaller amplitude indicating better anchoring quality.


In conclusion, addressing safety concerns in construction projects requires a comprehensive focus on soil nail design and quality detection. The safety factor, test and acceptance criteria, and nondestructive testing technology are key elements in ensuring the reliability and safety of rock and earth anchoring construction. By enhancing these aspects, the construction industry can significantly improve overall safety standards and mitigate the risks associated with inadequate construction conditions and quality control.