Office hours(GMT+8): 8:30-18:00
   No.1703, Building 3, No. 1 Fenghua Road,High-tech,District , Luoyang , China (Henan)Pilot Free Trade Zone, Henan Province, P.R. China.
Home > News > Industry Information > The Construction Technique of Soil Nailing

The Construction Technique of Soil Nailing

Soil nailing is a ground stabilization technique that has revolutionized the field of civil engineering and construction. This innovative method involves the insertion of steel reinforcement bars into soil slopes, effectively "nailing" them in place to prevent landslides and ensure the stability of slopes.

The Evolution of Soil Nailing

The history of soil nailing dates back to its first modern application in Versailles in 1972. Since then, it has rapidly evolved into a well-established and widely accepted construction technique. This evolution has been driven by continuous research, innovation, and improved construction practices.

The Fundamentals of Soil Nailing

What Is Soil Nailing?

Soil nailing is a construction technique used to reinforce and strengthen existing ground or create new, stable slopes. It gets its name from the process's resemblance to hammering nails into the soil, providing a resisting force against slope failures.

The Construction Process

The construction process of soil nailing is a relatively fast and efficient method compared to other slope stabilization techniques. It involves the following key steps:

1. Drilling Holes: The first step is to drill holes into the slope face where steel bars will be inserted. This process is crucial for ensuring the stability of the soil.

2. Anchor Installation: After drilling, geotechnical engineers determine the exact depth and insert anchor bolts into the holes. These bolts serve as the foundation for the soil nails.

3. Grouting: To create a structure similar to a gravity wall, the anchor bolts are grouted into the soil. This enhances the stability of the entire system.

4. Shotcrete Application: A shotcrete layer is applied as a facing material to protect the exposed bolts and provide a finished appearance. This not only adds to the structural integrity but also offers an aesthetically pleasing finish.

soil nailing in foundation

Advantages of Soil Nailing

Soil nailing has gained prominence in the construction industry over the years, thanks to several distinct advantages. Let's explore these benefits:

1. Ideal for Tight Spaces: Soil nailing is an excellent choice when working in confined spaces where traditional retaining walls may not be feasible.

2. Minimal Noise and Traffic Disruption: Unlike some construction methods that generate significant noise and traffic obstructions, soil nailing is a relatively quiet and non-disruptive process.

3. Less Impact on Surrounding Areas: This technique minimizes the impact on the surrounding environment, making it suitable for projects in urban or sensitive ecological areas.

4. Lower Load Requirements: Soil nailing requires lower load-bearing capacity than tieback anchor systems, reducing the structural demands on the project.

Applications of Soil Nailing

Soil nailing has a wide range of applications in the construction industry. Here are some of the key areas where it is commonly used:

1. Slope Stabilization: Soil nailing is frequently employed to stabilize natural soil slopes, preventing landslides and ensuring the safety of adjacent structures and roadways.

2. Retaining Walls: Soil nails can be used to stabilize retaining walls, particularly when dealing with issues related to soil pressure or instability.

3. Embarkments and Levees: The technique is employed to remediate existing fill slopes, including embankments and levees, to enhance their stability and integrity.

The Things of Soil Nailing Construction You Should Attention

The Overall Stability Analysis

An essential aspect of soil nailing is the overall stability analysis. It plays a pivotal role in evaluating whether the retaining structure is fit for its intended purpose. In the design of soil nailing, thorough analysis is conducted to ensure the safety and efficacy of the constructed system.

Simultaneous construction and excavation

To ensure the success of soil nailing projects, the excavation process must be closely aligned with soil nailing construction. It's important to note that soil nailing operations need to be completed within specific timeframes. For example, excavation and support work should be finished within 36 hours, and top soil-nailing must be completed two days later before moving on to the next level of excavation.


Soil nailing is a powerful and versatile construction technique, with a rich history of successful applications. Soil nailing is poised to continue its evolution and contribute to the construction industry's ongoing development.

Sinorock, a leading manufacturer of self-drilling anchor bolts, prioritizes innovative design and quality to meet the demands of modern construction projects. With a team experienced in geotechnical engineering services, we offer reliable and efficient solutions, including self-drilling anchor bolts, expansion shell anchor bolts, and friction bolts. Sinorock's focus on safety and efficiency makes them a preferred choice for geological anchoring needs. If you have questions or require soil nails, contact Sinorock at for expert guidance and top-quality solutions.